COMPOSITION IN PHOTOGRAPHY

Composition is very essential in photography. It’s like ingredients that you need when you are cooking
food; in this instance food is a Photo which is the final product when applied right, well we know the
answer to that don’t we? Alternatively I view it as a set of tools that can be taken out of one’s
compositional tool belt at any given time in the construction of a great image. So what is Composition in
Photography??

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Definition of Composition in Relation To Photography
Composing an image means arranging elements within it in a way that suits the core idea or goal of your work best. Arranging elements can be done by actually moving objects or subjects. Composition is a way of guiding the viewer’s eye towards the most important elements of work sometimes in a very specific order. A good Composition can help make a masterpiece even out of the dullest objects and subjects in the plainest environments.The topic sounds dull but it’s good to know that one of the first qualities of a photo that catches and captures a viewer’s eye is the composition. Great composition is something that immediately separates the amateurs from the pros and enthusiasts. How you place various objects in the photographic frame determines the composition and works tremendously toward creating a feeling greater than what the object would convey in the real world. Composition is one of the most important elements of the craft of photography, and it is a skill that can be taught and honed through extensive exercise and persistent practice. The key word is persistent practice. Now for easy learning am going to give you Tips on How we can be good composers or cooks in that matter when it comes to photos.

Focus the Viewers Attention

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To raise the quality of your photos you must make sure that the main subject is of heightened interest and is effectively positioned in the frame to draw the viewer’s eye exactly to where you want it, and emphasize that subject.This can be done in a variety of creative, artistic and symbolic ways. Size, color, shape and how the object contrasts with the rest of the elements in the image (foreground, middle ground and background) are ways to isolate and direct attention to the subject.

Balance, Layout, Arrangement

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The layout of your images influences how visually effective or stimulating your photos will be. When
composing your photo, seek a balance in the color, the lighting, and object placement within the frame’s
constricting rectangle. When we talk about “balance” in a photograph, we mean a composition that has
arranged the visual elements in such a way as to be pleasing to the eye. We’ve all seen group photos (of
friends and family) in which the subjects are stuck in the center of the frame with no apparent design
other than to fit everyone in the frame, and without regard to effectively filling the frame either. You
seek to achieve interesting composition and perspective by being creative with where and how you
physically position the camera, such that the composition has a unique perspective, or view of the
world. For example, if you put the camera at the level of the floor when your pet or baby approaches
the camera, that photo has a much more interesting composition and perspective than if the camera
were held at full height while looking down at the pet or baby. Like many art concepts, perspective and
composition is either instinctual, or it can be developed through practice and study.

Use Contrast
Contrast — in lighting — is another way to add dimension to an image. Lighting contrast is the difference between the lightest light and the darkest dark in a photograph. Manipulating this element, works wonders to extend the depth, the three-dimensional quality of a photograph – one of the great feats and benchmarks for your photographs. You can also use contrast in shape & size to affect the intricacy of your photos; contrasting geometry inherently creates that dramatic tension that we were talking about earlier. You feel like there is more to “the story”.

Frame within a Frame
This is an artistic concept that photographers lifted from painters, which one uses a frame (like a door, a window, a mirror, an archway) within the overall frame to further isolate an object/subject. The key to
using a frame within a frame is to make sure that the frame is distinct in shape and lines, and is in sharp
focus. Your viewer’s attention will immediately be taken to exactly what you want them to see by using
this technique.

Blur the Background

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A photograph can have a blurry foreground or background, so this special optical property can enhance
the composition of your photos by further isolating the main subject from everything else around it. You
can blur the background or foreground by having command over the depth of field, which is controlled
by the lens’ aperture, focal length and object’s distance from the lens. Mastering this skill is critical for
more interesting images. The wider apertures (f/1.4 to f/2.8) effectively reduce DOF, as do longer focal
length lenses.

Pay Attention to Details
Pay Attention to Details Composition tips- As with everything else in life, the details needs to be
properly addressed and emphasized in photography. Every detail can do something different to your
photograph or create a new meaning. A photo of a flower is much different when you can see the way
the morning dew plays against the texture of the flower’s petals. When doing a portrait, use lighting to
bring out the heavy laugh lines and crow’s feet on a person’s face. Character in a face makes an
interesting portrait. If you think about it, it is the details of objects and people that delve beneath the
surface and tell more of a story, more about that singular moment in time.

The Rule of Thirds.
This is another illustration/painting technique that photographers must master (so it can then be
broken). The Rule of Thirds divides the canvas/film frame with three vertical lines and three horizontal
lines. The four intersecting vertices are the key points to remember, as studies have demonstrated that
the human eye goes to those points first when looking at a framed object like a painting, sketch, or
photograph. Therefore, when you are composing the photograph, placing the key elements at one of
those four points enhances the dynamics of your photo.

Crop and Clip.
One of the beauties of digital photography is the relative ease with which you can do post-processing,
something formerly reserved for the darkroom. With Photoshop you can crop an image for better
aesthetic results. Cropping is the process of re-framing a photograph to enhance the composition.
We’ve all seen (or perhaps taken) photos where there are distracting elements at the edges of a frame
or perhaps intruding on the secondary areas of the main subject. You can crop the photo to eliminate
these unwanted elements.

Differences in Perspective.
Perspective is how the photographer views the objects in the camera frame via the placement of the
camera. For Example, the same will have different perspectives when photographed at eye level, from
above or from ground level. By varying the perspective you change the placement of the horizon line
and you influence your audience’s perception of the scene. For example, if you placed the camera on
the ground level to take a full body photo of someone, and angled the camera up to fill the frame with
your subject, he or she will appear much more menacing, powerful and larger than if the camera was
held at eye level. Another way to look at differing perspective is to utilize camera positions that are
typical to what the human eye sees. Birds eye views or extremely high angles change the dynamics of
your composition.

Opt For Simplicity.
The concept is less more lends itself effectively to just about everything, and photography is no
exception. Overly complicated or complex photographic composition has the same problem as
compound complicated sentences in writing, which make it difficult for the audience to understand and
appreciate the idea that is trying to be conveyed. Simple in this context doesn’t mean simplistic, but
rather lacking unnecessary elements that confuse or are redundant. In photography creating, but
distinct compositions simplify yet enhance the delivery of the idea. The mind’s eye of the viewer can do
all the heavy lifting.So with this in mind let’s practice the tips and with due time and the required exposure to different situations we will be better day in day out.

References

For More Information and Research Visit

http://www.exposureguide.com

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