Basic parts of a camera

Basic parts of a Camera.



They Say a Single Photo is worth a million words, in this digital world of twitting, Instagram, face book, whatsapp you name them photos have become an integral part of communication let alone a necessesity. A lot of us use photos in presentations, billboards, magazines to pass on critical information which shows you how powerful images can be. In the past photography was not really credited as a carrier especially here in Kenya but now enrollments of classes for the later have skyrocketed bearing proof that a lot of people love the art of photography.


How do you start photography without even knowing the basic parts of a Camera? It’s like a soccer player without a ball or a farmer without a hoe? The best photos are usually perfectly timed moments and there is no way you can achieve that without knowing your camera in and out. You need to study your tool of work in and out to get the best value out of it. A lot of cameras which of course are liked by a lot of photography lovers are the Digital Single Lens Reflex cameras (DSLRs) which are the “serious” camera of choice these days. Though this comes at the price of a serious increase in weight and bulk (and, well, price), they are also much more uncompromising on everything that matters. In particular, they have interchangeable lenses which allow you to always have the best lens for the occasion without further adieu, I bring to you the Basic Parts of a Camera; this is universal by the way?

Just before we start it’s crucial that we start by memorizing the name of the different parts before you start using it. A proper understanding of the names and functions is the primary step toward improving your photography skills. Noted??



The Lens

The lens is one of the most important parts of a camera. Normally light enters the lens and it’s where the photo process begins. We have permanent or interchangeable lens and they can vary in focal length, aperture and other details.


This can be found on all DSLRs and maybe some models of digital compacts. Majorly on DSLRs it will be the main source for taking images although recently it has been replaced by an LCD screen.


It’s the main portion of the Camera and they come in different shapes and sizes. DSLRs tend to be larger bodied and a bit heavier, while there are other consumer cameras that are conveniently smaller in size and pocket sized.

Shutter Release

The shutter release button is the mechanism that “releases” the shutter and therefore enables the ability to capture the image. The length of time the shutter is left open or “exposed” is determined by the shutter speed.


The aperture affects the image’s exposure by changing the diameter of the lens opening, which controls the amount of light reaching the image sensor. Some digital compacts will have a fixed aperture lens, but most of today’s compact cameras have at least a small aperture range. This range will be expressed in f/stops. For DSLRs, the lens will vary on f/stop limits, but it is usually easily defined by reading the side of the lens.  There will be a set of numbers stating the f/stop or f/stop range, ex: f/2.8 or f/3.5-5.6. This will be your lowest settings available with that lens.

Image Sensor.

The image sensor converts the optical image to an electronic signal, which is then sent to your memory card. There are two main types of image sensors that are used in most digital cameras: CMOS and CCD. Both forms of the sensor accomplish the same task, but each has a different method of performance.

 Memory Card.

The memory card stores all of the image information, and they range in size and speed capacity. The main types of memory cards available are CF and SD cards, and cameras vary on which type that they require.

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LCD Screen.

The LCD screen is found on the back of the body and can vary in size. On digital compact cameras, the LCD has typically begun to replace the viewfinder completely. On DSLRs, the LCD is mainly for viewing photos after shooting, but some cameras do have a “live mode” as well.




The on-board flash will be available on all cameras except some professional grade DSLRs. It can sometimes be useful to provide a bit of extra light during dim, low light situations.

User Controls.

The controls on each camera will vary depending on the model and type. Your basic digital compacts may only have auto settings that can be used for different environments, while a DSLR will have numerous controls for auto and manual shooting along with custom settings.

There You have it folks ,The basic parts of a camera .Practice makes perfect so use your equipment more to get the best out of it.




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